“You don’t make houses,
Cheaper by making them more expensive to build.”
Everyone has a dream of what they wany their home to look like – the number of rooms, the view, the amenities. And they know the setting in which they would like the home to be placed. The setting is the land on which the home will be built—corner lot in a housing development, close to a lake, with a territorial view, on a slope etc. The complexity of the setting, and the climate in the region where the home is being built affects the cost of the build.
Low-cost housing is a new concept which deals with effective budgeting and following of techniques which help in reducing the cost construction through the use of locally available materials along with improved skills and technology without sacrificing strength, performance and life of the structure. There is huge misconception that low-cost housing is suitable for only sub standard works and they are constructed by utilizing cheap building materials of low quality. The fact that the low-cost housing is done by proper management of resources. Economy is also achieved by postponing finishing works or implementing them in phases.
Building cost – The building construction cost can be divided into two parts namely
Building material cost : 65 to 70 %
Labor cost 65 to 70 %
Now in low-cost housing, building material cost is less because we make use of the locally available materials and also labor cost can be reduced by properly making the time schedule of our work. Cost of reduction is achieved by selection of more efficient material or by an improved design.
Areas from where cost can be reduced are
- Reduce plinth area by using thinner wall concept Ex 15 cm s thick solid concrete wall
Use locally available material in an innovative form like soil cement blocks in place of burnt bricks.
- Use energy efficiency materials which consumes less energy like concrete blocks in place of burnt bricks.
- Use environmentally friendly materials which are substitute for conventional building components like use RCC door and window frames in place of wooden frames
- Preplan every component of a house and rationalize the design procedure for reducing the size of the component in the building
- By planning each and every component of a house the wastage of materials due to demolition of the unplanned component of the house can be avoided.
- Each component of the house shall be checked whether if it is necessary, then that component should not be used.
Construction cost hugely depends on the material, being used in the construction. The material cost will vary as per the size and type of the house. All these factors are interrelated. If you are building a home in the countryside where materials are not readily available, then also cost vary.
Labor cost s differ according to the size and intricacy of your home. Custom-Built and big houses involve a higher labor cost than standard modular homes. Professionals like Architect, interior designer typically charges in area per square feet or may take a certain percentage of the overall cost of the construction project.
Additional features of amenities
Major system costs include plumbing and electrical costs mainly. Quality and quantity of the products being used decide the price.
Stories – The price will vary depending on the stories of the building or house. Naturally, a three storied building will be costlier than the two storied one in the terms of cost per square feet rate will be the same for each story or floor.
Think about the climate zone where you are going to have the house built. The thing is that some construction materials are better suited for certain zones, while others are not. The best approach is to use a combination of different materials depending on the environmental characteristics of the place where the house is going to stand.
Time is another important consideration you have planned for the construction work to complete If you are in a hurry, some materials that have long lead time should be discarded in favor of prefabricated ones. On the other hand, if time is not an issue, the choice of building materials is wider.
Motive – The choice of building materials also depends on you purpose. If the house is going to be leased out, consider harder, wear-resistant materials like concrete or brick. The same is true if a large family is going to reside in the house on a regular basis. By contrast, if you are going to live there alone, lighter and more delicate materials like wood will be better fit.
Money – With so many building materials offered at stores, you may be tempted to choose the cheapest ones. However even if your budget is not lavish, don’t make a hasty decision. A cheap material may turn out to wear out faster than it is more expensive equivalent. Some materials are providing as finished products. Others require extra finishing which brings their cost up.
We have tried to suggest about all the significant factors that can primarily affect the house construction cost. The cost can fluctuate depending on a few other factors such as the number of stories, roof type, design features, and finishes. If you are willing to add something extra to your dream house it will also add some additional cost. Developing your dream building is the liability of the professionals, but it is always a good idea to have an estimation.
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